There are very few universal lures. It depend on what species you are targeting in what body of water and what weather conditions. Considering you are just starting I am assuming you are fishing from shore.
To build a beginners set I would suggest couple of each in different weight.
In-line spinners is the most universal lure
top-water lures aka frogs for summer bass
deep diving lures used when you need the lure to get closer to the bottom of the hole in small river
shallow running I assume your Rapalas are this variety
spoons (maybe weedless) to get some pike from the cover
for salmon the big noisy bright lures seem to be annoying the fish enough to strike.
After all my dad used to fish walleye with DIY lures made from the stainless still spoons. Mom was always wondering why the spoons are disappearing from the house
I personally do not care about brand names for that reason would not name any. Aliexpress lures worked the same as branded ones for me.
We all eventually making our lure park grow but do not go nuts at the beginning. Give it a try and you will figure out what you need eventually.